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05 Type of Computer Storage Device in 2021

Computer Storage Device
Written by Technical Team

A computer storage device enables the user to store and access data and applications on the computer in a secure manner. Knowing and understanding these computer storage devices is critical because they are one of the most significant components of the system.

In terms of computer awareness, the user must be aware of the many components that must work together to make any computer equipment work and function. As a result, we’ll go through the many storage devices present in computers, as well as their functions and applications, in this article.

Let’s begin by looking at the meaning of the word “computer storage device.”

Computer Storage Device Definition:

A storage device is a hardware device that can be used to store digital data and applications in the form of photos, video, audio, and other formats. It is an important part of a computer, and one example is the hard drive.

Examples of Computer Storage Device or Storage Device

1.Magnetic Storage Device:

  • One of the most common types of storage is the magnetic storage device.
    • Floppy diskette – A standard 3.5 inch floppy diskette can hold 1.44 megabytes of data.
    • Hard Drive– Computer’s main storage device is an internal hard drive. A removable hard drive is sometimes known as an external hard drive. It’s utilised to keep backups and portable data.
    • Magnetic strip – Magnetic tape drives, such as tape and video tape recorders, store video and audio on magnetic tape.
    • Super disc – A disc drive and diskette with storage capacities of 120 MB and 240 MB, respectively.
    • Cassette tape -A magnetic storage device used for audio recording and playback.

2.Optical Storage Device:

    • It saves and retrieves data with the help of lasers and LEDs.
      • Blu-ray disc – A digital optical storage device which was intended to replace the DVD format.
      • CD-ROM disc – A digital optical storage medium that was designed to take the role of DVDs.
      • CD-R and CD-RW disc – CD-R is a recordable disc that can be written to once, while CD-RW is a rewritable disc that can be written to multiple times.

3.Paper Storage Method:

  • This method was used by early computers for saving information.
    • OMR – stands for Optical Mark Recognition – A method of gathering identifiable human data from forms such as surveys and tests. It’s used to interpret questionnaires containing shaded multiple choice options.
    • Punch card – The perforated holes were utilised to store digital information on a piece of hard paper. The data is defined by the presence or absence of holes in preset locations.

4.Flash Memory Device:

Is now replacing magnetic storage devices since it is more cost-effective, functional, and reliable.

  • Memory stick – A memory card that is removable.
  • Memory card – A flash memory device that stores digital data and is widely used in mobile electronic gadgets.
  • SSD – Solid State Drive – A flash memory device that saves data in a consistent manner using integrated circuit assemblies.
    • USB flash drive, jump drive or thumb drive – A small, portable storage device connected through the USB port.



5.Online and Cloud Storage:

  • As consumers access data from a variety of devices, is becoming more common.
    • Cloud storage – Data is handled and made available through a network from a remote location. Basic functions are free to use, but the upgraded version is charged on a monthly basis based on usage.
    • Network media – On a computer network, audio, video, images, or text are used. The content shared on the internet is created and used by a community of individuals.

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